Cigarette Industry in Indonesia in General

Cigarette Market Share: Smokers in Indonesia was ranked third largest in the world. More than 60 million people in Indonesia smoke. Cigarette consumption in 2008 reached 240 billion cigarettes, or 658 million cigarettes per day. This means money worth Rp.330 billion “burned” in a day smoker. Indonesia’s cigarette market share dominated by three large companies. Gudang Garam 2001 ranked first (32%), followed by Djarum (25%) and HM Sampoerna (19%) in the third (AC Nielsen, 2003). After Sampoerna bought by Philip Morris in 2005, the first quarter of 2007 the market share of Sampoerna-Philip Morris has been ranked first beat Gudang Garam and Djarum. Data beginning in 2009 the market share controlled by three giant cigarettes: the Sampoerna-Philip Morris (29%), Gudang Garam (21.1%) and Djarum (19.4%). In the same year the BAT bought Bentoel.

Cigarette Industry Oligopoly: Cigarettes are a commodity market cigarette oligopoly where most (75%) were controlled by a few large industries. As a result, the major industries have the discretion to determine the price of raw materials of cigarettes (tobacco leaf). Small cigarette industry is also in a weak position. As a result, unable to compete with the big tobacco industry that have large capital. High professionalism and the ability to advertise the massive, it caused a lot of small tobacco industry go bankrupt.

Agriculture and Farmers Tobacco: Large proportion of tobacco farmland land area of annual crops for 40 years (1961-2001) is a constant 1.2%. Agricultural area in absolute tobacco user for the year 2002-2005 from 261 thousand hectares (2002) to be 198 thousand hectares (2005) or down almost a quarter. Although tobacco cultivation acreage decreased, cigarette production increased rapidly market the same period. 1961 production of 35 billion cigarettes to 135 billion sticks tahun2005 trunk. While cigarette production increased nearly 7-fold, decreased tobacco crop land area. This indicates fulfillment supply met from imported tobacco leaves. Tobacco farmers in Indonesia are 684 thousand people (MOA, 2006) or 1.6% of total agricultural workers (42 million). This number decreased from the previous 4 years, ie 913 thousand in 2001 Agricultural tobacco is not a full time job where tobacco farmers is not a full time job where tobacco farmers do not rely on tobacco entire livelihood.

Cigarette Industry Workers and Wages: Total cigarette industry workers in 2004 was 259 thousand people or 1.2% of total industrial workers. This number decreased from 1995 amounted to 346 thousand people. Total cigarette industry workers declines with age mechanization. During 2006, the average monthly salary of the tobacco industry is Rp 670 thousand. This wage is lower than the average wage Rp851 thousand food industry workers and workers of all industries (USD 962 thousand). During 2000 and early 2006, the average ratio of the monthly salary of the tobacco industry is only 83% compared to food industry workers’ wages and 62% when compared to the wages of all workers industries (BPS, Wage Statistics, 2005).

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Jakarta office market 2014

Jakarta CBD market
Demand for office space in the Jakarta CBD market remained at a fairly high level of performance in line with the national economy will grow by 5.5% to 6.0% in 2014. CBD office cumulative demand is expected to grow 5.5% to the level of occupancy in the healthy category is equal to 85% to 90%.

Meanwhile, the price of the average gross rental CBD, specialized in office buildings Grade B and C, are expected to increase this year. The owner at the suggestion of the manager of the building more confidence to raise prices in line rental occupancy rates is relatively high.

The selling price of strata-title office estimated increase for 2014, but at a lower level than that in the past three years. The buyers, especially buyers with large spacious, more cautious. This is mainly due, nationally and globally interconnected economy situation will happen in 2014 is relatively stagnant. Demand for rental and transaction activity in existing office buildings continued to show positive growth in the first quarter of 2014, the expansion and relocation of existing tenants, and the existence of intense competition associated with the large supply of strata-title office will be included in the next 2 years.

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Coal prices declined until December 2013 than Increasing

This October, coal reference price (HBA) is government established by the USD 76.61 per ton. Prices dropped because it is still an oversupply. The fall in coal prices due to the global economic situation. When compared with the price in the same period last year, coal prices fell about 10.9%.

Our prediction, Coal prices declined until December 2013 than Increasing. In 2014 is expected to rise again, along with the economic recovery in the country of India and china.

China’s domestic coal prices will decline and the domestic supply of coal lands will increase, because the railway infrastructure for the distribution of Chinese coal will be realized mostly in mid-2013.

Japan’s coal imports are also expected to decline due to re-operation of the majority of nuclear power plants. Unlike the case with India and South Korea’s coal imports are expected to rise, because many Indian coal power plant will be operational in South Korea this year and that growth in electricity consumption is projected to increase.

Prospects for improvement of the ASEAN market is also expected to occur, as quite good economic growth in some countries of Indochina, thus increasing the need for coal as an energy source

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